Research Projects

 
Ongoing Research Projects
  • FOR 2401
    "Optimization-Based Multiscale Control of Low-Temperature Combustion Engines"
  • HERCET
    "Development and Validation of a Cost Effective Hybrid Electric Drive Solution for Small Two Wheelers for Reducing CO2 emission "
  • Hy-Nets4all
    "Validation environment for the optimization of electrified driving in urban space"
  • CEVOLVER
    "Connected Electric Vehicle Optimized for Life, Value, Efficiency and Range"
  • EVOLVE
    "Validation of an Energy-efficient longitudinal vehicle motion control based on model predictive control"
  • HELENE
    "Hardware-in-the-Loop basierte Funktionsentwicklung zur emissionsoptimierten Regelung von Fahrzeugantrieben mit Reinforcement Learning"
  • ICCC
    "Ion-Current Sensor based Closed-Loop Control of Lean Gasoline Combustion with High Compression Ratio"

 
Completed Research Projects
  • ACOSAR
    "Advanced Co-Simulation Open System Architecture"
  • ConneCDT
    "Co-Simulation Platform Connecting Chemistry and Powertrain Dynamics to Traffic Simulation "
  • CREST
    "Collaborative Embedded Systems"
  • HIFI-ELEMENTS
    "High Fidelity Electric Modelling and Testing"
  • Hy-Nets
    "Efficient hybrid powertrains by vehicle communication"
  • IMPERIUM
    "Implementation of Powertrain Control for Economic, Low Real Driving Emissions and Fuel Consumption"
  • NET-ECU
    "Connected Engine Control"
  • STEP
    "Smart Traffic Eco Powertrain"
  Logo FOR 2401
Title Research Units 2401 – Optimization-Based Multiscale Control of Low-Temperature Combustion Engines
Acronym FOR 2401
Funding German Research Foundation (DFG)
Description

A state-of-the-art approach for closed-loop control of low temperature combustion processes are cycle-based control algorithms. However, these approaches allow only a stable operation in a very limited engine-map. Cycle-based controllers act such that only the system dynamics and disturbances which occur at a cycle-averaged time scale can be controlled. The relevant physico-chemical processes determining the stability and emissions characteristics of low temperature combustion, which proceed on a inner-cyclic time-level, can’t be controlled. For this reason TP1 investigates multiscale control algorithms, to also control the smaller time scales. It is expected that a successful control of these critical time scales allows for distinct enlarging of the operating range, increase of efficiency and reduction of pollutant emissions. The multiscale control is a novel approach.

Term

10/2020 - 09/2023

  Logo HERCET
Title Development and Validation of a Cost Effective Hybrid Electric Drive Solution for Small Two Wheelers for Reducing CO2 emission
Acronym HERCET
Funding Federal Ministry of Education and Research,

Indo-German Science & Technology Centre (IGSTC)

Description

Achieving the CO2 targets requires reduced fuel consumption through the use of advanced hybrid engine technologies, which must also have the advantage of good vehicle range. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to think beyond the automotive sector. Predictions have shown that even with two-wheelers, the significant reduction of CO2 emissions is possible through the use of hybrid technologies. For example, fuel savings were demonstrated in a prototype of a plug-in hybrid two-wheeler, where a wheel hub motor was used on the front wheel, while the rear wheel was driven by an internal combustion engine. Although hybrid technology is already mature for four-wheelers, the two-wheeler segment is still relatively new due to the high costs and complexity involved.

Term

04/2020 - 03/2023

  Hy-Nets4all
Title Validation environment for the optimization of electrified driving in urban space
Acronym Hy-Nets4all
Funding European Union (European Regional Development Fund, ERDF)
Description

In Hy-Nets4all, a development and validation environment is being set up that will enable automated driving functions for electrified vehicles to be developed holistically and efficiently secured. The aim is to reduce the energy requirements and emissions of electrified vehicles in urban areas, to further develop electrical components in a targeted manner, to design driving concepts in line with available and future charging infrastructure, to optimise cooperative driving scenarios and to liquefy traffic flows.

Term 08/2019 - 07/2022
  CEVOLVER Logo
Title Connected Electric Vehicle Optimised for Life, Value, Efficiency and Range
Acronym CEVOVLER
Funding European Commission, Horizon 2020
Description

The current generation of electric vehicles is still generally too expensive and limited in range. For this reason, the CEVOLVER project takes a user-centric approach to create battery-electric vehicles that are usable for comfortable long day trips while the installed battery is dimensioned for affordability. Furthermore, the vehicles will be designed to take advantage of future improvements in the fast-charging infrastructure that many countries are now planning.

CEVOLVER tackles the challenge by improving the vehicle itself to reduce energy consumption. Moreover, the usage of connectivity is maximized for further optimizations of both component and system design as well as control and operating strategies. Within the project, it will be demonstrated that long-trips are achievable even without any further increases in battery size, thus avoiding higher cost. The efficient transferability of the results to further vehicles is ensured by adopting a methodology that proves the benefit with an early assessment approach before an implementation in OEM demonstrator vehicles.

Term 11/2018–04/2022

 
Title Validation of an Energy-efficient longitudinal vehicle motion control based on model predictive control
Acronym EVOLVE
Funding Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Innovation, Digitalisierung und Energie des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen
Description

Automated driving functions open up a high potential for energy savings, especially in dynamic urban traffic, through optimized longitudinal vehicle guidance, which has already been demonstrated in various simulation studies. The aim of this research project is to evaluate and transfer optimization-based driving functions from simulation to reality. For this purpose, a test vehicle will be equipped with a prototype control unit in order to test the driving functions for evaluating the real energy saving potential on the test track in exemplary inner city scenarios.

Term 07/2021–12/2021

  Project HELENE
Title Hardware-in-the-Loop basierte Funktionsentwicklung zur emissionsoptimierten Regelung von Fahrzeugantrieben mit Reinforcement Learning
Acronym HELENE
Funding Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Innovation, Digitalisierung und Energie des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen
Description

To achieve global climate targets and to reduce local air pollutants, the transport sector has to make significant contributions. Modern drives evolve to electrified, networked, software-intensive overall systems with a large number of degrees of freedom. Innovations to minimize emissions and raise efficiency are increasingly made possible just by software. The effort required to develop, validate and calibrate these algorithms is increasing exponentially, while simultaneously available development times and resources are shortening. Within HELENE, a novel approach to hardware-in-the-loop based machine learning is demonstrated. Reinforcement learning is used to train specific powertrain functions in a realistic, heterogeneous virtual-real simulation scenario.

Term 07/2021–12/2021

  ION C³
Title Ion-Current Sensor based Closed-Loop Control of Lean Gasoline Combustion with High Compression Ratio
Acronym ICCC
Funding German Federal Environmental Foundation (DBU)
Description

In this project, the applicants aim a deeper understanding of the correlations of the ion current sensor signal and the underlying chemical and physical effects in the cylinder charge and the resulting conductivity, combining a detailed simulation with investigations on test benches in Shanghai and Aachen to improve measurement and signal processing. The analysis circuit will be adapted to improve the signal-to-noise ratio. The identified correlation between the ion current and the cylinder charge state will be used to perform a feasibility study for a new FPGA-based in-cycle control algorithm.

Term 06/2018 – 11/2021